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The author of the article is considered to be the person who made a significant contribution either to the conception, or analysis and interpretation of the data; drafted the original typescript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; decided on the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. 

All persons who participated in the preparation of the text or the preceding research should be listed together with the nature of their contribution. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the typescript and agreed to its submission for publication.

The contributed text has to adhere to the principles of ‘ghostwriting firewall’, based on the guidelines for academic journals. 

All disclosed cases of ghostwriting (hidden contribution by the authors or writing the text on request) and guest authorship (adding to the list of authors of people whose contribution to the text was negligible) will be made public on the websites of our Journal. The organisational unit employing the author will also be informed about this fact.

In justified cases, the Editorial Board may request a declaration of the author’s or authors’ contribution in accordance with the principles of the ghostwriting firewall.

Authors may be asked to submit a declaration on the sources of financial means for financing the publication, contribution from research institutions, associations and other entities (financial disclosure).

Any changes to the information about the authorship require the written consent of all interested parties. Such consent should be expressed by each of them separately, in an e-mail addressed directly to the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal. The consent of each of the authors to change the information about the authorship of the submitted article or of an already published article must be in the form of a written statement.

In the event that the author hides the co-authors of the text or discloses guest authorship cases in already published articles, the possible costs of editorial changes shall be borne by the author of the publication.

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